The Buffalo Soldier Memorial honors all African-American service members who served their country with honor and courage. African-Americans were organized into segregated regiments in 1866 and served primarily in the western United States. The nickname "Buffalo Soldier" refers to the mounted regiments of the 9th and 10th Cavalries. During the Spanish-American War, Buffalo Soldiers served alongside Teddy Roosevelt and his band of Rough Riders. After the war, the 10th Cavalry was ordered to Camp Albert G. Force in Huntsville. They encamped on the spot that became known as Cavalry Hill, now the permanent home of the Buffalo Soldier Memorial Monument.